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Fully Funded PhD in 3D Artificial Spin-ice

Cardiff University is looking for a fully funded PhD in 3D Artificial Spin-ice

  • Closing date: 15 Aug 2021
  • United Kingdom | Cardiff University, School of Physics and Astronomy
  • Date posted: 21 Jul 2021
  • Job type: Academic: PhD/MSc
  • Disciplines: Optics, lasers & photonics  | Materials science 

About the project

Frustration is defined as the inability for all pairwise interactions to be simultaneously satisfied and is a phenomenon that impacts a wide range of scientific areas.

For example, frustration is important in the production of solar flares, in the folding of biological molecules and in the bonding of water ice. Realising model systems for studying frustration will help to elucidate a range of complex phenomena in science.

The group of Dr Sam Ladak [1], School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University has recently shown that 3D printing upon the nanoscale, when combined with deposition can be used to realise tuneable frustrated magnetic systems [2]. Through direct magnetic imaging our group has shown the creation and propagation of magnetic monopole defects upon the lattice surface [3].

The student upon this project will further exploit 3D nanostructuring of magnetic materials in order to fabricate tuneable frustrated systems and study ground state ordering. These systems will be characterised using a wide-range of techniques including scanning probe microscopy, optical magnetometry and synchrotron imaging. Experimental work will be complemented by detailed micro-magnetic modelling which will be performed in Cardiff and Monte Carlo simulations which will be performed by collaborators.

This project can be applied for via the following link: IPP login screen (

Funding notes

This project is funded by The Leverhulme Trust and includes full tuition fees and a stipend of £15,285 per annum for 3.5 years.
Due to the funding attached to this project we are only able to consider applicants who are UK tuition fee payers.
Please email Dr Sam Ladak if you have any questions about the project or if you have any questions about the application process.


[2] A. May, M. Hunt, A. Van Den Berg, A. Hejazi and S. Ladak, Communications Physics 2, 13 (2019)

[3] A. May, M. Saccone, A. Van Den Berg, J. Askey, M. Hunt and S. Ladak, Nature Communications 12, 3217 (2021)


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