MAX IV Laboratory
MAX IV Laboratory
At MAX IV you can examine molecular structures and surfaces in a far more detailed way than before. Researchers in areas such as biology, physics, chemistry, environment, geology, engineering and medicine can utilise this technology. The technology provides opportunities to make new discoveries and products in fields such as materials, medicine and the environment. However, the greater part of the research conducted at the facility is basic research, which seeks answers to the question of why atoms form molecules and crystals at all.
The MAX IV facility is based on new technology and scientific theories that have been developed at the Lund-based MAX Lab since the early 1980s. MAX Lab was the forerunner with the MAX I, II and III accelerators.
At MAX IV there are three accelerators – a linear accelerator and two storage rings. The large ring has a circumference of 528 metres, comparable with the Coliseum in Rome.
The linear accelerator increases the velocity of electrons almost to the speed of light. The electrons are then directed into the storage ring, where magnets bend their path. In this bending process the electrons emit synchrotron light, which is an extremely intense light spanning wavelengths from ultraviolet to hard X-rays. The light is directed to the research stations through special beamlines, which is where experiments are conducted.
It is estimated that 2,000 researchers from around the world will visit MAX IV each year to conduct experiments at the facility. About 300 people will work at the facility when it is fully developed.
At present has 16 funded beamlines, eight beamlines are operating, three are being commissioned and five are being constructed. In total, the facility can accommodate 26‒28 beamlines in the two storage rings and in the extension of the linear accelerator.