This relatively new science has become one of the most exciting and important avenues of employment and research open to physicists. Those looking to work in this area should ideally have a practical approach to problem solving (often using mathematical techniques), be able to reason clearly and communicate complex ideas, and be able to work in a company structure and under budgetary constraints.

If you are interested in nanotechnology and haven't studied it in any detail during your degree, a postgraduate course will improve your understanding of the field and help you to make a more informed decision about pursuing this career path. Additional qualifications may also improve your attractiveness to employers in this multidisciplinary field.

Case study: Life on the borders

Edward Barry describes a career at the junction between physics and biology, and how interdisciplinary research operates in real life.

Case study: Starting from scratch

Mehdi Yazdanpanah describes how he turned his PhD research into a successful small business, despite starting off with just $500 in his bank account.