Computer modelling and mathematics
Some of the most challenging problems in physics and beyond can only be solved with complex mathematical models. High-performance computing is now an integral part of astronomical research, long-term climate studies and biological modelling, as well as for non-scientific sectors such as finance and banking. Since high-performance computing has emerged from the scientific realm, many physicists are employed for their knowledge and expertise in numerical modelling. If you have a passion for numbers and logic – and don't like getting your hands dirty – this could be the ideal career for you.
Even after the global financial crisis, banking remains a popular career choice for physics graduates. Physics World talks to Benjamin Rosenberger and Rob Thomson, both of the equities division of Swiss firm UBS, about the ups and downs of working in finance.
An organization that helps look after the country's economy may not seem an obvious career choice for a physics graduate, but the Bank of England and physicists have a lot to offer each other, explains Rupert de Vincent-Humphreys.
Peter Cogan describes how the skills of a physicist are always in demand at Bell Labs, the research division of telecoms giant Alcatel-Lucent.